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Concept of God in Sikhism...4

Concept of God in Sikhism

Sikhism is a non-Semitic, Aryan, non Vedic religion. Though not a major religion of the world, it is a branch or offshoot of Hinduism founded by Guru Nanak at the end of the 15th Century. It originated in the Area of Pakistan and North West India called Punjab meaning the land of the 5 rivers. Guru Nanak was born in Kshatriya (warrior caste) Hindu family but was very strongly influenced by Islam and Muslims.

 The word ‘Sikh’ is derived from the word ‘Sisya’ meaning disciple or follower. Sikhism is a religion of 10 Gurus, the first Guru Nanak and the 10th last being Guru Gobind Singh. The sacred book of Sikhism is Sri Guru Granth is also called Adi Granth Sahib.

Every Sikh is supposed to keep the five ‘K’s which are also serve as his identity.
      I.            Kesh – uncut hair; which all the Guru kept
   II.            Kangha – comb; used to keep the hair clean.
III.            Kada – metal or steel bangle; for strength and self-restraint
IV.            Kirpan – dagger; for self defense
  V.            Kaccha – special knee length underwear or under drawler for agility

The best definition that any Sikh can five regarding concept of God in Sikhism is quote the “Mul Mantra” – the fundamental creed of Sikhism, which occurs at the beginning of Guru Granth Sahib.
It is mentioned in Sri Guru Granth sahib Volume 1 Japuji, the first verse
“There exists but one God, who is called the true the creator, free from fear and hate, immortal not begotten, self –existent, Great and compassionate”.
Sikhism enjoins on its followers strict monotheism. It believes in only One Supreme God who is, in the unmanifest form called ‘ek omkara’.
In the manifest form Hi is called as Omkara and has several attributes such as:
Kartar –The Creator
Sahib – The Lord
Akal – The Eternal
Satanama – The Holy name
Parvardigar – The Cherisher
Rahim – The Merciful
Karim – The Benevolent
He is also called ‘Wahe Guru’ – the one true God.

Besides Sikhism being strictly monotheistic, it does not believe in Avataravada – the doctrine of incarnation. Almighty God does not incarnate Himself in what is known as Avatara. Sikhism is also strongly against idol worship
Guru Nanak was influenced by the sayings of Sant Kabir so much that several chapters of Shri Guru Nanak Sahib contain couplets of Sant Kabir.

One of the famous couplets of Sant Kabir is
Dukh mein sumirana sabh karein sukh mein karien na koya  jo sukh mein sumirana karein to dkh kaye hoya”
(Everyone remembers God during trouble but no one remembers Him during peace and happiness. The one who remembers God during peace and happiness why should he have trouble? ).
Compare this with the following verse of the Holy Quran:
“When some trouble touched man, He cried unto his Lord, Turning to Him is repentance: But when He bestowed A Favor  upon him as from Himself, (man) Doth forget what he cried and prayed for before, And he doth set up rivals unto Allah”
(Holy Quran 39:8)


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