Skip to main content

What is meant by udhiyah (sacrifice)? Is it obligatory or Sunnah?

 

Qurabani By Mujtaba Alam

Definition of Udhiyah

The word udhiyah means an animal of the an’aam class (i.e., camel, cow, sheep, or goat) that is slaughtered during the days of Eid al-Adha because of the ‘Eid and as an act of worship, intending to draw closer to Allah thereby. 

This is one of the rituals of Islam prescribed in the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), and according to the consensus of the Muslims. 

Reference to Udhiyah in the Quran and the Sunnah

In the Quran, Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only).” [Al-Kawthar 108:2]

 “Say (O Muhammad): Verily, my Salaah (prayer), my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists). He has no partner. And of this, I have been commanded, and I am the first of the Muslims.” [Al-An'am 6:162]

The word nusuk (translated here as a sacrifice) means sacrifice; this is the view of Sa’eed ibn Jubayr. And it was said that it means all acts of worship, including sacrifice, which is more comprehensive.  

“And for every nation, We have appointed religious ceremonies, that they may mention the Name of Allah over the beast of cattle that He has given them for food. And your Ilah (God) is One Ilah (God, Allah), so you must submit to Him Alone (in Islam). And (O Muhammad) give glad tidings to the Mukhbitoon [those who obey Allah with humility and are humble from among the true believers of Islamic Monotheism].” [Al-Hajj 22:34]

In the Sunnah: 

  1. It was narrated in Saheeh al-Bukhari (5558) and Saheeh Muslim (1966) that Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) sacrificed two white rams speckled with black. He slaughtered them with his own hand, said ‘Allahu Akbar and put his foot on their necks.” 
  2. It was narrated that ‘Abd-Allah ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stayed in Madeenah for ten years, offering sacrifice (every year on Eid).” (Narrated by Ahmad, 4935; al-Tirmidhi, 1507; classed as Hasan by al-Albaani in Mishkaat al-Masaabeeh, 1475.)
  3. It was narrated from ‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) shared out sacrificial animals amongst his companions, and ‘Uqbah got a sheep that was six months old. He said, “O Messenger of Allaah, I got a sheep that is six months old.” He said, “Offer it as a sacrifice.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 5547)
  1. It was narrated from al-Baraa’ ibn ‘Aazib (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever offers a sacrifice after the prayer has completed his rituals (of Eid) and has followed the way of the Muslims.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 5545)

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) offered sacrifices, as did his companions (may Allaah be pleased with them). And he said that sacrifice is the way of the Muslims. 

Hence the Muslims are unanimously agreed that it is prescribed in Islam, as was narrated by more than one of the scholars. 

Qurbani


Is Udhiyah obligatory or Sunnah?

But they differed as to whether it is Sunnah mu’akkadah (a confirmed Sunnah) or it is obligatory and it is not permissible to omit it. 

The majority of scholars are of the view that it udhiyah is Sunnah mu’akkadah. This is the view of al-Shaafa’i, Maalik, and Ahmad according to his most well-known view.

 Others were of the view that it is obligatory. This is the view of Abu Haneefah and one of the views narrated by Ahmad. This was also the view favored by Ibn Taymiyah who said: “This is one of the views narrated in the madhhab of Maalik, or it appears to be the view of Maalik.” (From Risaalat Ahkaam al-Udhiyah wa’l-Dhakaah by Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him).

 Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “Udhiyah is Sunnah mu’akkadah for the one who is able to do it, so a person should offer the sacrifice on behalf of himself and the members of his household.” (Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 2/661)

Almighty Allah knows best.

Comments

  1. Brother, I have heard that during slaughtering the animal it's getting a lot of pain! What do you say about that?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Soon I'll write a post on this... in sha Allah

      Delete

Post a Comment

Popular posts from this blog

OPEN QUESTION & ANSWER...ABOUT ISLAM

Most Common Question About Islam And there Answers f you have a new question then don't hesitate to ask Why is a man allowed to have more than one wife in Islam? i.e. why is polygamy allowed in Islam ?For answer  click here   If a man is allowed to have more than one wife, then why does Islam prohibit a woman from having more than one husband ?For answer  click here Why does Islam degrade women by keeping them behind the veil?For answer  click here How can Islam be called the religion of peace when it was spread by the sword?For answer  click here Why are most of the Muslims fundamentalists and terrorists?For answer  click here Killing an animal is a ruthless act.Why then do Muslims consume non vegetarian food?For answer  click here Why do Muslims slaughter the animal in a ruthless manner by torturing it and slowly and painfully killing it?For answer  click here Science tell us that whatever one eats, it has an effect on one’s behavior. Why then, does Islam allow Mus

Concept of God in Sikhism...4

Concept of God in Sikhism Sikhism is a non-Semitic, Aryan, non Vedic religion. Though not a major religion of the world, it is a branch or offshoot of Hinduism founded by Guru Nanak at the end of the 15 th Century. It originated in the Area of Pakistan and North West India called Punjab meaning the land of the 5 rivers. Guru Nanak was born in Kshatriya (warrior caste) Hindu family but was very strongly influenced by Islam and Muslims. DEFINITION OF SIKH AND SIKHISM   The word ‘Sikh’ is derived from the word ‘Sisya’ meaning disciple or follower. Sikhism is a religion of 10 Gurus, the first Guru Nanak and the 10 th last being Guru Gobind Singh. The sacred book of Sikhism is Sri Guru Granth is also called Adi Granth Sahib. THE FIVE - ‘K’S Every Sikh is supposed to keep the five ‘K’s which are also serve as his identity.       I.             Kesh – uncut hair; which all the Guru kept    II.             Kangha – comb; used to keep the hair clean. III.        

Christmas and Muslims

  To a Muslim living in the West, the Christmas Holiday period is one of the most stressful times because of the differences in our attitudes towards holidays and celebrations of the status quo. Even in Islamic countries, there can be misunderstandings on these issues with our Christian colleagues. The following essay is my personal attempt at bridging this gap to promote an understanding of the Islamic perspective regarding this topic. The word Christmas comes from the Old English term Cristes maesse, meaning "Christ's mass." This was the name for the festival service of worship held on December 25th to commemorate the birth of Jesus, may Allah exalt his mention. There is neither certain information on the date of his birth nor even on the year. One reason for this uncertainty is that the stories of his birth, recorded in the New Testament books of Matthew and Luke, were written several decades after the event. Those who wrote it gave no specific dates for the events the